apokalupsis ieesou christou heen edwken autw ho
REVELATION OF JESUS CHRIST, WHICH GAVE TO HIM THE
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theos deixai tois doulois autou ha dei
GOD TO SHOW TO THE SLAVES OF HIM, WHICH (THINGS) IT IS BINDING
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genesthai en tachei kai eseemanen
TO OCCUR IN QUICKNESS, AND HE SHOWED BY SIGNS
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aposteilas dia tou aggelou autou tw doulw
HAVING SENT OFF THROUGH THE ANGEL OF HIM TO THE SLAVE
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OF HIM TO JOHN,
Westcott & Hort Interlinear
Revelation 1:1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ
This is not to be understood that this revelation was concerning a revealing of Jesus again, for he had already been revealed to his servants. In stating that this was a Revelation of Jesus Christ, John is stating this is a revelation that he received from Jesus Christ. What this revelation is about is revealed in the words that follow, for it is concerning “the things must happen soon.”
Revelation 1:1 which God gave him to show to his servants
This shows that the originator of this revelation is the God and Father of Jesus. As usual, Jesus is the instrument by which God gave this revelation to show to the servants of God and of Jesus.
It is possible that John actually used a form of the holy name here, which was later changed to Theos (God).
Revelation 1:1 the things which must happen soon
This tells us what the Revelation is about; it is about things that must happen soon.
Some have claimed that since the word “soon” is used, that the entire revelation must have happened within a few months or years after it was written during the first century. This is often referred to as the “Preterist” view. However, the facts actually show that we certainly have not yet seen the time when death, sorrow and crying is no more (Revelation 21:1-5), as well as many other things spoken of in the book of Revelation. Additionally, in study of this revelation of things to happen, it should become obvious that the intention is to give a foretold history leading up to, and even after, the return of Christ. Nevertheless, many preterists believe Christ returned in the first century, and often distort much of the New Testament to support that view.
However, “must happen soon,” does not mean that the things foretold have to happen in a few years, or a few months, etc. This imposes our own short-time life perception of ‘soon’ upon God’s prophetic word.
The word “Revelation” means “Revealing, uncovering or disclosure”. The phrase “to show” means “to present to view” and as we will see, it was going to be about events that were shortly going to “begin” to take place, and that these events, would describe the entire gospel age, not just a few years, at the beginning or the end. — South Wisconsin Bible Students Notes, page 11
Revelation 1:1 – which he sent and made known [signified, Diaglott] by his angel to his servant, John,
The Greek word rendered as “make known” by the World English Bible translation means more correctly to signify, give by means of signs.
1. to give a sign, to signify, indicate
2. to make known
Thayer and Smith. “Greek Lexicon entry for Semaino”. “The KJV New Testament Greek Lexicon“.
semaino “to give a sign, indicate” (sema, “a sign:” cp. semeion_under_SIGN), “to signify,” is so translated in John_12:33; John_18:32; John_21:19; Acts_11:28; Acts_25:27; Rev_1:1, where perhaps the suggestion is that of expressing by signs. — Vine’s Dictionary
It seems that it is mostly regarding Revelation 1:1 that some translators would give like to give the word “semaino” the meaning of “to make known.” An argument for this rendering would be that it would correspond with the meaning of revelation. However, the word is not used in parallel to “revelation”, but in regards as to how the revelation was given. In view of the fact that this word is added to — and not in parallel with — the revealing that is being spoken of, and in view of the fact that the book of revelation is indeed filled with symbology — “signs” — we believe that the word does, indeed, mean that the Revelation (the revealing) was given by means of symbolic signs. Some even go so far as to claim that there is nothing symbolic about Revelation (although in reality even they end up treating the terminology as symbolic, although at the same time they claim they are not).
It is not clear as to whether John meant to say that it was Yahweh who sent the angel, or whether it was Jesus who sent the angel. Revelation 22:16 speaks of Yahweh as sending his angel, but Revelation 22:16 speaks of Jesus as sending his angel. It really does not matter, since, the angel, even though sent by Jesus, is still sent by Yahweh whom Jesus represents. The angels, being made in subjection to Jesus (Daniel 7:27; Ephesians 1:10,21,22; 1 Corinthians 15:27; Hebrews 1:4,6), can be spoken of as Jesus’ angels, and at the same time be spoken of as Yahweh’s angels. And Jesus acts on behalf of Yahweh, his God and Father. A parallel to this can be found in Yahweh’s sheep. They are Yahweh’s sheep (Ezekiel 34:17-22; John 10:29), but they are also Jesus’ sheep (Ezekiel 34:23,24; John 10:27; 17:6), since Jesus has been put in charge to those sheep.