New Covenant Vs. Covenant for a Kingdom

The expression “new covenant” appears only once in the Old Testament. The scripture and its context is:

Jeremiah 31:27 Behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of animal.
Jeremiah 31:28 It shall happen that, like as I have watched over them to pluck up and to break down and to overthrow and to destroy and to afflict, so will I watch over them to build and to plant, says Yahweh.
Jeremiah 31:29 In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.
Jeremiah 31:30 But everyone shall die for his own iniquity: every man who eats the sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge.
Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
Jeremiah 31:32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they broke, although I was a husband to them, says Yahweh.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says Yahweh: I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:34 and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know Yahweh; for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says Yahweh: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more.

Many fail to comprehend that how the New Covenant, if it is not active now, can be active on the new creature so as to result in sanctification (consecration). The terminology often used would either result in the thought that the new creature is not under the New Covenant, or that if he is under the New Covenant, then the New Covenant must be active now. From these two extremes other wrong conclusions are developed.

Nevertheless, everything pertaining the new creation belongs to the age to come, not this present evil age. When Paul wrote,  “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old things have passed away. Behold, they have become new” (2 Corinthians 5:17), he was saying that the new creation is related to the passing away of the present evil age, the present heavens and earth, and the coming age when all things are made new. (Isaiah 65:17; Matthew 5:18; 24:35; Mark 31:31; Luke 21:33; 2 Peter 3:10,13; Revelation 21:1-5) That New Heavens and New Earth are not now, but belong to the “age to come.”

He will receive one hundred times now in this time, houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and land, with persecutions; and in the age to come eternal life. — Mark 10:30.

Who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the world [age] to come, eternal life.” — Luke 18:30.

That “age to come” had not yet come when the book of Hebrews was written: “concerning those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit,  and tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the age to come.” — Hebrews 6:4,5.

This last scripture shows that the new creature has tasted “the powers of the age to come.” It is in that age to come that the New Covenant becomes active to the world, but those who are chosen out this world become new creatures by the power of the age to come, making them belong to the day.

The “age” still is not fully with us, since the heathen of the earth are still being deceived by Satan (Revelation 20:3), and the promised blessings of the heathen are not now being seen. (Genesis 22:18) It is still true that God is choosing people out of the corrupted world as his sons, who then are no longer of the corrupted world (John 15:19), thus the corrupted world (Romans 5:12; 8:21; 2 Peter 1:4) is still in existence, and has not yet passed away. (1 Corinthians 17:31; John 2:17

Once the present heavens and earth have passed away, the New Covenant becomes operative through Israel. — Jeremiah 31:31.

Therefore the of prophecy of the new covenant, as such, actually belongs to the “age to come”, when it will be true that everyone who dies will die for his own iniquity, not the sin of Adam or parents. (Ezekiel 18:2,3) Likewise, the covenant is made with Israel and Judah. Some claim that the covenant is actually concluded with the Israel of faith, the Christian church, not fleshly Israel. If this were true, how is it to be said of the Israel of faith, that this “new covenant” is “not according to the covenant I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt”? True, a few of those who belong to the Gospel Age church have a Jewish heritage by flesh, but most are not. Most Christians have never been under the Law of Moses so that it could be said of them: “my covenant they broke”. This can only apply to fleshly Israel, not the Israel of faith.

Ezekiel 16 likewise depicts the same time, and the same covenant. There Yahweh speaks to Jerusalem (representing all of Israel), and compares her with her sisters, Sodom and Samaria. He speaks of the day of resurrection, saying: “And I will bring back their captive ones [from the captivity of death], the captive ones of Sodom and her daughters, and the captive ones of Samaria and her daughters, and the captive ones of your captives in the midst of them.” (Ezekiel 16:53, Restoration Light Improved Version, RLIV) Yahweh further says to them: “And your sisters, Sodom and her daughters, will return to their former estate [being returned to life]; and Samaria and her daughters will return to their former estate; and you and your daughters will return to your former estate.” (Ezekiel 16:55) To this day, the people of Sodom have remained in the realm of death. They have in no wise been returned to their former estate. This can only be accomplished by their resurrection from the dead, when they are to be raised in the resurrection of the unjust.

What does this have to do with the New Covenant? Yahweh continues to speak to Jerusalem: “Nevertheless I will remember my covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish an everlasting covenant with you.” (Ezekiel 16:60) Here he speaks of two different covenants, the one established with Israel in the days of her youth, and another covenant, a future covenant. This future covenant is not fulfilled with the Gospel Age church, as it cannot be said of the Gospel Age church that God will remember his covenant (the covenant through Moses) with them. Yahweh further says to Jerusalem: “Then you will remember your ways, and be ashamed, when you receive your sisters, your elder and your younger; and I will give them unto you as daughters, but not by your covenant.” (Ezekiel 16:61) The covenant made with Israel through Moses is again referred to, and Yahweh tells Jerusalem that this coming blessing will not be by means of that covenant. Again, we note that this is not speaking of the Gospel Age Israel of faith, since it could not be said to the Israel of faith that the blessings foretold would be “not by your covenant”.

And Yahweh states to Jerusalem: “And I will establish my covenant with you; and you will know that I am Yahweh; that you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth any more, because of your shame, when I have forgiven your for all that you have done.” (Ezekiel 16:62,63) It should be apparent that the covenant being spoken of is the same covenant spoken of in Jeremiah 31:31. It should be further apparent that this covenant is established with the same Israel that had been under the Law Covenant through Moses.

Does this mean that the Gospel Age believers receive no benefit from the New Covenant? No, but we need to examine some scriptures to see how the New Covenant is applied to the Gospel Age believers.

In the Gospels, we find the expression “new covenant” used in Luke 22:20, where Jesus speaks of such at his last meal. He took the cup, and stated to his disciples: “This cup means the new covenant in my blood which is poured out for you.” So it is apparent that the disciples receive a benefit from the “new covenant” as represented in the blood of Jesus, which blood, Jesus said, was poured out for them.

So how does the Gospel Age church obtain these benefits, if the New Covenant is actually made with Israel in the age to come? They do this by being reckoned, imputed as justified, as though in the age to come, as though made alive in the resurrection day, counted as children of that day when the knowledge of Yahweh will cover the earth, and no longer children of this condemned age of darkness. (1 Thessalonians 5:5) Those called in this age receive the firstfruits of spirit of the age to come. (Romans 8:23; Hebrews 6:5; James 1:18) The Christian’s baptism is a symbol of being baptized into Jesus’ death so as to appropriate the benefits of the death of Christ (Romans 6:3); this is so in that one receives the firstfruits of the spirit — as a earnest (that which in purchases is given as a pledge or down payment that the full amount will subsequently be paid) — the spiritual benefits of the ransom, the power of the age to come, in this age. — Romans 8:23; 2 Corinthians 1:22; 5:5; Ephesians 1:13,14; Hebrews 6:5.

The holy spirit is given now as a down payment, or earnest of the inheritance (2 Corinthians 1:22; 5:5), declares that the inheritance in the kingdom will be much more than is now obtained through the spirit. The spirit is received by means of obtaining the powers of the age to come (Hebrews 6:5), in which age to come the holy spirit will be poured out on all flesh. (Joel 2:28; Isaiah 40:5) The believer today receives the “firstfruits” of the spirit (Romans 8:23) in anticipation of the coming time when they will be revealed to the creation and the creation will also be able to delivered from the bondage of present-day corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. (Romans 8:21) The church is a kind of firstfruits of God’s creatures (James 1:18), indicating the after fruits yet to come in the next age, when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea.” (Isaiah 11:9, RLIV) The outpouring of holy spirit on believers in this age is but a prelude to the actual fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy in the age to come. — Acts 2:16-21.

It is thus by partaking of that which belongs to age to come, the benefits of the New Covenant, that those called in this age receive the benefits of that covenant.

Now, concerning the covenant for a kingdom. This refers to Luke 22:29. Due to the way this verse is translated in most translations, most would hardly know that a covenant is being spoken of.

And I covenant unto you – as my Father hath covenanted unto me – a kingdom. — Luke 22:29, Rotherham.

This covenanting is evidently a reference to the Abrahamic/Davidic “seed” Covenant, which Jesus extends to his followers: Genesis 9:9; 12:3,7; 17:7,19; 21:12; 2 Samuel 7:11-17; 22:51; Psalm 18:50; 89:1-4,26-37; Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Ezekiel 34:23,24; Daniel 7:22,27; Amos 9:11; John 7:42; Acts 13:22,23; Galatians 3:16,27,29.

Thus, directly, the church’s covenant is actually with Jesus, and through him the Father’s covenant is applied to the church. This covenant is not the “new covenant”, but is a covenant that existed 430 years before the Law Covenant, and which Paul applies to Christ, and all who belong to Christ, the sons of Abraham by faith. — Galatians 3:7,16,17,26-29.

The “New Covenant” covers the condemnation of sin in Adam, which is applied to all who are dying in Adam. The “covenant for a kingdom” is the everlasting kingdom, a rulership with Jesus, which rulership will benefit the all families of the earth in the future under the New Covenant, but not all the families of the earth participate in the covenant for a kingdom.

See our study on Jeremiah 31

See also David Christiansen’s study on Jeremiah 31


Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible – USA
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Joshua 2:1-24; 6:22-25 – Rahab Helps Israel

Joshua 2:1-24; 6:22-25
Devotional Reading: Hebrews 11:23-31

As soon as we had heard it, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more spirit in any man, because of you: for Yahweh your God, he is God in heaven above, and on earth beneath. Now therefore, please swear to me by Yahweh, since I have dealt kindly with you, that you also will deal kindly with my father’s house, and give me a true token. –Joshua 2:11,12, World English translation


The following is taken from Smith’s Bible Dictionary under “Rahab”:

(wide ), a celebrated woman of Jericho who received the spies sent by Joshua to spy out the land, hid them in her house from the pursuit of her countrymen, was saved with all her family when the Israelites sacked the city, and became the wife of Salmon and the ancestress of the Messiah. (Joshua 2:1; Matthew 1:5) (B.C. 1450.) She was a “harlot”, and probably combined the trade of lodging-keeper for wayfaring men. Her reception of the spies, the artifice by which she concealed them from the king: their escape, and the saving of Rahab and her family at the capture of the city in accordance with their promise, are fold in the narrative of (Joshua 2:1) … As regards Rahab herself, she probably repented, and we learn from (Matthew 1:5) that she became the wife of Salmon the son of Naasson, and the mother of Boaz, Jesse’s grandfather. The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews tells us that “by faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace,” (Hebrews 11:31) and St. James fortifies his doctrine of justification by works by asking, “Was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?” (James 2:25)

Smith, William, Dr. “Entry for ‘Ra’hab,'”. Smith’s Bible Dictionary.
http://www.searchgodsword.org/dic/sbd/view.cgi?number=T3572>.
1901.

Whether Rahab was actually an innkeeper is not stated in the Bible. Nevertheless, when Joshua sent the spies into Jericho, they found shelter in the home of Rahab. We have no doubt that this was providential, and that Yahweh’s spirit had led them to this home, since Yahweh knows the hearts of all, and surely knew that Rahab’s heart could be entreated toward worship of Himself. Nevertheless, the king of Jericho found out about these two spies, and sent men to look for them. As a result, Rahab hid them on the roof of her house.

After diverting the king’s men from the hiding place of the spies, she came to the spies, and stated those famous words of faith: “I know that Yahweh has given you the land, and the fear of you is fallen on us, and that all of the inhabitants of the land melt away before you. For we have heard how Yahweh dried up the water of the Red Sea before you, when you came out of Egypt; and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon and to Og, whom you utterly destroyed. As soon as we heard it, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more spirit in any man, because of you: for Yahweh your God, he is God in heaven above, and on earth beneath.” — Joshua 2:9-11.

We can learn several things from Rahab’s words: The people living in the lands that had been give to descendants of Abraham knew of that promise. They knew that they were living on land that did not belong to them by the command of the Most High. They also knew that Yahweh was indeed the Most High. Instead of moving out of the land to another land, they were actually defiant of Yahweh, even though they realized Yahweh’s supremacy over their own idol-gods. In other words, they were like the demons that James spoke of, who believe, and shudder. (James 2:19) Her words illustrate that the peoples living in the lands that did not belong to them actually knew this, but their belief was not such that led to an active faith. Rather, it lead them them to shudder and to remain defiant. On the other hand, Rahab’s faith was such that she was led to action when she saw these two spies. Thus, James wrote: “In like manner wasn’t Rahab the prostitute also justified by works, in that she received the messengers, and sent them out another way?” (James 2:25) Additionally, Rahab is mentioned among those of faith in Hebrews 11:31: “By faith, Rahab, the prostitute, didn’t perish with those who were disobedient, having received spies in peace.”

Notice that in Hebrews 11:31, it speaks of those who were disobedient. In a general sense, the Bible speaks of the whole race of mankind as sons of disobedience due to Adam’s disobedience. (Romans 5:12-19; Ephesians 2:2) However, Hebrew 11:31 appears to be speaking of something more specific, and we believe that this disobedience that is being spoken of there is that which was shown in Rahab’s words. The people of Jericho knew they were being disobedient to Yahweh, who had proven Himself to be the only true God, by their living on land that Yahweh had promised to Abraham. Thus, they had a greater responsibility, a greater willfullness in their disobedience than mankind in general, which led to their destruction by the power of Yahweh. Thus, we believe that in the day of judgment, they will be like similar ones who had greater responsibility for their sin, such as the people of those Jewish cities that rejected Jesus. — Matthew 10:15; 11:21-24; Mark 6:11; Luke 10:12-14.
See our studies:
Understanding Kingdom Mysteries
Mankind’s Course to the Day of Judgment

Notwithstanding, it did take great courage for Rahab to exercise faith in Yahweh. Surely all of her neighbors would have gladly revealed her had they known that she was hiding the spies. Thus her faith was proven under great danger to herself, but at the same time she surely must have also trusted that Yahweh would help her. And, yet, her faith demonstrated that she also knew that the God of these Hebrews would surely destroy the city of Jericho and all it inhabitants. This is revealed in her further words of faith to the two spies: “Please swear to me by Yahweh, since I have dealt kindly with you, that you also deal kindly with my father’s house, and give me a true token, and that you will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brothers, and my sisters, and all that they have, and will deliver our lives from death.” (Joshua 2:12,13) The record states that she asked them to swear by Yahweh, not the gods of Jericho. The spies told her: “When we come into the land, you shall bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which you did let us down by: and you shall gather to you into the house your father, and your mother, and your brothers, and all your father’s household. It shall be, that whoever shall go out of the doors of your house into the street, his blood shall be on his head, and we shall be guiltless: and whoever shall be with you in the house, his blood shall be on our head, if any hand be on him.” (Joshua 2:18,19) Thus, when Israelites came into the city, by seeing the token, that scarlet thread, the Israelites would know that the people in that house should not be destroyed.

As a result, when the Israelites took the city, Rahab and her family were all spared. Not only this, from Matthew 1:5 we learn that Rahab became wife of Salmon, and thus came to be named in the lineage of the seed of promise. What a great honor she attained because of her faith! It is incomprehensible to the world, and an astonishment to the saints, that in so many ways the Scriptures show that Yahweh’s wisdom — that he has not been choosing out exclusively the great or the wise or the good as such may be viewed by man, but, on the contrary, has been choosing the sincere, the honest, the faithful, notwithstanding lowliness of birth, natural blemishes and imperfections. Truly does Yahweh say: “My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways.” (Isaiah 55:9) And truly did our Redeemer say that tax collectors and prostitutes should go into the Kingdom in preference to faithless, self-righteous Pharisees. (Matthew 21:31) How glad we are that in God’s providence the Apostle mentions Rahab and her faith, and how Yahweh appreciated it and rewarded it! Surely there is a lesson here that should be well marked and inwardly digested by every one of us, not only for our own encouragement, but also for our guidance in respect to others. It is in full conformity with the apostle Paul’s statement that God is choosing some of the despised things of the world in the present time to ultimately confound some of the greater and mightier and less faithful and obedient. — 1 Corinthians 1:27,28.

Click Here for the Dawn’s Lesson on this material.


Exodus 1:8-21 – Midwives Serve God

But the midwives feared God, and didn’t do what the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the baby boys alive. – Exodus 1:17, World English translation.

This lesson focuses on the midwives of Israel, at the time that children of Israel were living in the land of Egypt. The Israelites had become very strong in Israel, and we are told in Exodus 1:8 that eventually there was a king over Egypt who did not know Joseph. This was evidently some time after Joseph died. (Exodus 1:8) It appears that this king, fearing the growth in population of the children of Israel, was thinking that perhaps the Israelites might join with Egypt’s enemies so as to fight against Egypt. (Exodus 1:9,10) Thus he sought ways to stop the growth of the Israelites, and possible to reduce their population.

We read that this king thought to deal with “wisely” in this matter. (Exodus 1:10) This king was not seeking the wisdom of the true God in this matter, but he was one who “wise in his own eyes.” (Proverbs 3:7) Thus, his “wise” order was that  heavy burdens of labor were to be placed upon the children of Israel, evidently thinking that the more they worked, the less time they would have to bring forth more children, less time to be involved in any kind of rebellion against Egypt, and his own power would become even stronger. (Exodus 1:10,11) Did his wisdom work?

The record states that “the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out.” Surely, the hand of the true God was in this! As a result, we read of the Egyptians: “They were grieved because of the children of Israel.” — Exodus 1:12.

The record continues to show how the Egyptians responded by laying even heavier burdens upon the children of Israel, even being ruthless in doing so. — Exodus 1:13,14.

Then, the king of Egypt thought of an even more ruthless way to reduce the population of the children of Israel. He ordered the Hebrew midwives to murder any newborn male baby amongst the children of Israel. Possibly the king thought that by allowing only female babies to live the Hebrew daughters would be forced into marriage with the Egyptians, thus eventually the Hebrew population would all be blended with the Egyptian population.

However, the scripture says that “the midwives feared [held reverence for] God,” so that they did not obey the king. We should note that the scripture does not say that they did not obey the king for Israel’s sake, but rather it was because they “feared God.” It was because of God, not because of man, that they refused to obey the king in such a scheme. They probably knew of Yahweh’s command: “Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man will his blood be shed, for in the image of God made he man.” (Genesis 9:6) Thus, they refused to disobey their God, and thus did not obey the king of Egypt, and thus, they saved the babies alive. — Exodus 1:18.

The midwives indeed, by their obedience, showed forth their faith in God over man. (James 2:18) They certainly should be remembered for their faith and courage, and they do provide for us a example of faith. As Christians, we should seek to be obedient the laws and decrees of whatever nation we live in (Romans 13:1), even if such works an injustice toward us. (Romans 5:3; 1 Peter 2:19; 4:16) However, like these midwives of old, we should “fear God” when it comes to matters concerning God’s commands for us, so we would “obey God rather than men.” — Acts 5:29.

Nevertheless, the king of Egypt realized that the midwives were not following his order, and thus asked them concerning this. (Exodus 1:18) The midwives answer that it was because the Hebrew women were vigorous, and gave birth before the midwife could come to them. (Exodus 1:19) Some object that this was a lie, and thus God should have been angry with them for this lie. The fact is that Yahweh had not yet given his law to the Israelites his commands concerning such. Regardless, the record shows that God was pleased with their reverential fear toward him, so they were blessed with families. — Exodus 1:20.

This lesson’s scriptural reading from the World English translation:

Exodus 1:8 – Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who didn’t know Joseph.
Exodus 1:9 – He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we.
Exodus 1:10 – Come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it happen that when any war breaks out, they also join themselves to our enemies, and fight against us, and escape out of the land.”
Exodus 1:11 – Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. They built storage cities for Pharaoh: Pithom and Raamses.
Exodus 1:12 – But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread out. They were grieved because of the children of Israel.
Exodus 1:13 – The Egyptians ruthlessly made the children of Israel serve,
Exodus 1:14 – and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, all their service, in which they ruthlessly made them serve.
Exodus 1:15 – The king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah,
Exodus 1:16 – and he said, “When you perform the duty of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them on the birth stool; if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.”
Exodus 1:17 – But the midwives feared God, and didn’t do what the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the baby boys alive.
Exodus 1:18 – The king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men-children alive?”
Exodus 1:19 – The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women aren’t like the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous, and give birth before the midwife comes to them.”
Exodus 1:20 – God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied, and grew very mighty.
Exodus 1:21 – It happened, because the midwives feared God, that he gave them families.

The Dawn’s lesson on this may be found at:
http://dawnbible.com/2009/0901ib04.htm

Some related material may be found at:
http://www.agsconsulting.com/htdbv5/r2900.htm

http://www.agsconsulting.com/htdbv5/r3982.htm

Please note that we do not necessarily agree with all that is stated by other authors.


Bible Translations (by Laurence Knopf)

Bible Translations

By Laurence Knopf

Originally the Old Testament was written in ancient Hebrew, a language substantially different from the Hebrew of today, the 39 books that make up the Old Testament were completed by approximately 500 BC. By The End of the first century AD, the New Testament had been completed which was written in Greek and preserved on Papyrus. In the early days of Christianity the Hebrew Old Testament was read in a Greek translation, which was called the Septuagint. Parts of the books of Daniel and the Gospel of Matthew may also have originally been written in Aramaic.

As Christianity spread the Bible was soon translated into Coptic, Latin, Arabic and Syriac, by 500 AD translations could be found in over 500 languages.

The Roman Catholic Church banned further translations as they did not want ordinary people reading the Bible. Instead the Church only used Vulgate, a Latin text which had been translated from the Greek version in 600 AD, only priests were educated to understand Latin which gave them power as nobody could question their Biblical teachings.

The first English translations were made by John Wycliffe in 1380 and by 1455 Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press and mass production capabilities made additional English versions and other translations easily available.

There has been an estimate of 450 English translations with some of the most well-known including:

1. The New International Version which is a completely new English translation based upon Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek texts which were originally published in 1973. This version is the most commonly used as it is more easily understood since being updated in 2011

2. The King James Version, this begun in 1604 by the Church of England and was completed by 1611. However this version is not as commonly used as the New International version because the language is difficult to understand.

3. The New King James Version was published in 1982 and begun in order to upgrade the language of the King James version whilst keepings its poetic literary style.

4. The English Standard Version was originally published in 2001 and was updated in 2007; the translators used a similar translation philosophy as the King James Version.

These versions are usually categorised in the following:

1. Literal translations which translate the original text word for word into the best English equivalent. These types of translations can be difficult to read because the flow of language follows the original Hebrew and Greek, which is very different to modern English.

2. Dynamic translations which translates the original text by restructuring sentences and grammar. These types of translations are intended to capture the thought and intent of what the writer wanted to say, these are therefore easier to read but have a higher degree of subjective interpretation than the literal translations.

3. Contemporary translations which translates by paraphrasing the thought and intent of the original text into contemporary English. These types of translations are easier to read but the text is largely a subjective interpretation of the translator.

Not every word has a direct match into another language so cannot be translated word by word, therefore every translation requires interpretation. In order to translate accurately, it is important that the translator interprets the original meaning and then finds the equivalent wording. All translators should translate into their mother tongue to ensure accuracy. Wordtrans have a wealth of skill and experience in producing quality translations with the understanding that it takes more than just knowing a different language to become a quality translator.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Laurence_Knopf

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The information below is provided by the owner of this site, not by the above author.

From the site owner

Mr. Knopf made one statement that we conclude to be probably inaccurate:

In the early days of Christianity the Hebrew Old Testament was read in a Greek translation, which was called the Septuagint.

The general thought that is usually presented is that in the first century, the Jews read the Old Testament in Greek rather than Hebrew, and that Jesus and the apostles used the Greek Septuagint. While it is possible that the Jews may have had some Greek translations of the Old Testament, we highly doubt that those earlier manuscripts are what we today call the Septuagint. Additionally, we also highly doubt that Jesus and the apostles were quoting from the Septuagint. See our study:

Septuagint Quotes in the New Testament